A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. The far more common type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn’t make enough insulin.
Type 1 diabetes signs and symptoms can come on quickly and may include:
- Increased thirst and frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body’s own immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain viruses may trigger the disease.
Is it Curable?
Despite active research, type 1 diabetes has no cure, although it can be monitored with a blood glucose monitor and managed with various lifestyle choices. With proper treatment, people who have type 1 diabetes can expect to live longer, healthier lives than they did in the past.
When to see a doctor
Consult your doctor if you notice any type 1 diabetes signs and symptoms